A1) Thermochemical processes for the treatment of solids non-biodegradable residues and biomass (thermolysis and gasification) to obtain energy and high value subproducts.



LEFT: Pilot plant for Biomass and Tyre pyrolsys with máximum treatment capacity of 15 kg/h. RIGHT: Pilot plant for Biomass and Tyre pyrolysis and gasification.

A2) Development of advanced technologies for concentration/destruction of atmospheric organic compounds of high toxicity in energy generation processes.



TOP: Fix bed reactor for char physical activation with CO2. Fix bed reactoro for char physical activation with H2O. CENTRE: Fix bed reactor for adsortion-desorption cycle tests of volatile organic pollutants on activated carbons. Fix bed reactor for catalytic oxidation tests of volatile organic pollutants on activated carbons impregnated with different catalysts. DOWN: Experimental facility with gas chromatograph coupled to gas cell for study of bynary mixtures of PAH adsorption in activated carbons and detection by fluorescence gas phase. 

A3) Reduction of emissions of volatile organic compounds in light vehicles by adsorption and (photo)catalytic processes.



LEFT: Hydrocarbon trap test facility. Adsoprtion, desorption and simulated cold start cycles for powder and monolith samples. Coupled to a mass spectrometer allows to identify and quantify multiple compounds simultaneously (propene, toluene, wáter, oxygen, CO2, CO, etc) RIGHT: Isocinetic sensor foro sampling coupled to the exist gas of a car to test sorbents in real conditions. DOWN: Facility for adsorption and photocatalysis studies for reduction of evaporative emissions from car fuel deposits. 

A4) Monitoring and modelling of atmospheric pollution: particulate matter (PM), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) and trace elements.



LEFT: High volumen sampler, 1.13 m3/min, (Graseby Andersen GMW Model 1200) equipped with cutting head foro particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter equal or less than (PM10). This particulate matter is retained in a glass fiber filter covered by teflon. It could also be modified to trap gas phase compounds in a polyurethane foam. RIGHT: Gas chromatograph coupled to ion-trap mass  spectrometer that allow two or more fragments (GCMSMS). It is used for identification and quantification of PAHs. Model Varian 220-MS IonTrap coupled to Varian 450-GC.

B1) Hydrogen production from light hydrocarbons with in situ CO2 capture.


Experimental facility for CO2 capture study in pre-combustion stages. H2 production from light hydrocarbons.

B2) Advanced processes for energy generation with no CO2 emissions.


IExperimental facility for CO2 capture study in post-combustión stages. Carbonation-calcination cycles.

C) Other equipment.


TOP: Gas chromatograph for permanent gas analysis. H2, CO2, light hydroacrbons, simulated destilation and volyile organic compounds. GC-FID Varian 3300 y GC-FID/TCD Hewlett Packard 5890 Series II Plus. CENTRE: Fluorescence spectroscopy Perkin Elmer LS50B and spectrometer UV/VIS Perkin Elmer Lambda 25. DOWN: Calculation computer system IBM X double quad XEON 4 procesors, 12 GB RAM, Windows 2003 Server 64 bits. Materials Studio Materials Studio© installed to run simultaneously 7 projects.


Environmental Research Group